How To Get Rid Of Black Ants

Black ants are among the most common types of ants to invade homes. They’re also extremely annoying.

That said, learning how to get rid of black ants is quick and easy.

So, in this piece, we’ll teach you all you need to know in order to rid your home of these little black pests.

Are Black Ants Wrecking Your Home?

If black ants are intruding in your home, the chances are that you’ve left some food improperly stored (pet food and livestock feed included).

However, that isn’t always the case. Sometimes black ant colonies just sort of pop up on your property and, if left unchecked, slowly spread towards (and into) your home.

How To Get Rid Of Black Ants

Getting rid of black ants isn’t so difficult with the right approach. Following a few well-planned steps will have your home rid of these pesky six-legged intruders in no time.

1. Prepare Your Home

Before launching an offensive, and beefing up defenses, it’s essential to first prepare the area you plan to purge of ants. Check around for signs of ants, remove all easy food and water sources, and patch up any entryways and routes they have into your home.

Woodwork, especially aging and rotting pieces, as well as masonry with cracks and holes are the first choice for breeding grounds for black ants. So, when it comes to getting rid of black ants, checking the foundation of your home for signs of infestation, including entryways and sub-levels, is a great place to start.

2. Apply Your Chosen Ant Control Technique(s)

Once your home is prepared, applying your chosen pest control technique for black ants should be fairly straightforward. That said, there are numerous methods available. Everything from professional exterminators to commercial products like baits to homemade sprays and oils work just fine. 

To help you get rid of black ants properly we’ve included a section below highlighting several popular pest control techniques for getting rid of black ants for you to choose from. Simply choose one, or more (and the more the merrier), and apply them. But, for now, we’ll move on to the next step!

3. Clean Up

After you’ve applied a pest control technique or two on those little black baddies, you’ll need to clean up after yourself. Most pest control techniques involve either harmful ingredients or extremely strong odors. Eitherway, cleaning up dead ants is also necessary. You can clean up properly by wiping everything down and mopping and/or vacuuming most of the time. 

4. Re-evaluate And Repeat (If Needed)

Getting rid of ants is sometimes a bit tricky. However, persistence pays off. So, after you’ve carried out steps one through three, it’s time to re-evaluate the entire situation. 

This process requires anywhere from 24 to 72 hours. That way you allow enough time to pass to tell if the pests will return or not. If the coast seems clear after two or three days, it probably is. If ants re-appear, it’s time to repeat the process as well as search for possible nests and entryways you may have missed on the first attempt to rid your home of black ants.

Pest Control Treatments For Black Ants

Learning how to get rid of black ants isn’t just about the execution, it is about the techniques involved as well. And, when it comes to removing black ants from your home, there are quite a handful of pest control treatments available, from homemade to the same stuff the professionals use (as well as always having the option of hiring a professional exterminator).

Here are a few of the most common pest control treatments for black ants:

Boric Acid And Powders

Hydrogen Borate, more commonly known as Boric Acid, is probably one of the most popular (and effective) pest control treatments for black ants. This acid is a weak monobasic acid (and sometimes tribasic, depending on brand) that insects such as ants have an adverse and lethal reaction to.

Other powder-type pest control substances are also available for purchase. However, most of them are basically just souped up boric acid (which can be even more dangerous than the original boric acid). So, be careful and aware of what you are purchasing and using in your home.

Ant Baits 

Pest baits are another of the most used weapons against black ants in personal residences. That said, using baits can be tricky as they must have the right type of food or the black ants won’t be attracted. And, as each breed of ants have different preference when it comes to odors and sources of substance, these can be tricky products to use.

A few tips:

  • Mix solid baits with peanut butter or drops of honey
  • Mix sugar or honey into liquid bait
  • Mix powdered sugar into boric acid and powdered baits


When it comes to commercially manufactured pest control products that help get rid of black ants, sprays are among the best. That said, they are also among the most poisonous and dangerous to in your home. If you have children or pets, and you plan to use a spray to rid your home of black ants, make sure to do so during a time that the house will be empty.

Local department stores, pest control professionals, and online retailers such as Amazon and eBay are great marketplaces to get ahold of the best sprays for black ants. However, be prepared to sort through a ton of products.

Natural Remedies For Getting Rid of Black Ants

It may come as a surprise that many natural remedies for getting rid of black ants are also serious and effective. So, don’t go overlooking them to fast. 

Here are a few of the most potent natural remedies for black ants:

Essential Oils

Insects are as sensitive, if not much more, to essential oils as humans are. In fact, many essential oils are straight up toxic to insects and can be used as insecticides with great success. Tea tree oil is probably the most potent of all oils, followed by peppermint, though many other types are available online for purchase as well.


One mysterious yet effective technique for repelling black ants is creating a chalk line border. Calcium carbonate, the main ingredient of common chalk, for some reason pushes black ants out of the home and keeps them out. 

If you try this technique, however, make sure to make your line thick, and close to the foundation. In addition, keep the line protected from children, pets, and the weather.

Citrus Fruits

Lemons and Oranges are among the strangest black ant natural remedies out there. But, according to folks all over, it works in most cases. Like chalk lines, juice from lemons or oranges can be squeezed out into a border surrounding your home to bar the little buggers from getting in.

Salt And Pepper

Ants are known for loving sweet things, but have you ever seen them going for something really salty? Probably not. That’s because black ants despise salt. Furthermore, they can’t stand pepper either. So, if you are working with a low budget, and don’t have chalk, or citrus fruit to waste, salt and pepper will work in a pinch (haha).

White Vinegar

Another great repellent for creating invisible borders that keep black ants out of your home is white vinegar. You can easily mix the stuff half and half with water and you’re ready to go. Slosh it around your foundation, spray it onto window sills and entryways, and generally wet up the entire infested area with it. The smell will overpower the ants will to stick around in your home and cause them to move on to some other poor saps home.

Cinnamon And Clove

When it comes to natural black ant repellents, cinnamon and clove are truly at the top of the list (regardless of being at the bottom of ours!). And, in comparison with many of the other treatments (homemade or commercial), it is probably the best smelling option by far. 

Simply place a few cinnamon stick here and there around the foundation of your home and watch the little pests begin to bug out and head over to the neighbors. Seek out entryways and routes that ants are frequenting and place cloves near them (or spray them with clove oil).

Final Thoughts

Getting rid of black ants is easy to do. The hard part is selecting the best pest control treatment for your situation. Make sure to give our list a couple of read-overs before picking one. Also, considering choosing more than one technique. 

To ensure success, choose one method for killing the black ants, and one for preventing them from returning, in addition to following the other steps for how to get rid of black ants as listed here in our article.

Jordan Quinn Farkas
Jordan Quinn Farkas
Jordan is a full-time writer from his home in Southeast Europe. An avid outdoors-man and backpacker, he has gathered a plethora of tips and tricks for dealing with all sorts of pests.

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